Posts by Mahad Omar Diriye

ASWJ Chairman Hopes for Reconciliation and Progress for Somalia
Sheikh Mohamed Mohamud Aw-Libah
Sheikh Mohamed Mohamud Aw-Libah

The pro-government Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamaa (ASWJ) militia has been instrumental in the ongoing operation to oust al-Shabaab militants from Somalia. They have successfully taken control of Galgadud and are believed to have a close relationship with Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG). The TFG, however, has its own problems including the deteriorating relationship with the parliament, which now has two speakers. In order to understand the position of ASWJ, Somalia Report talked to the ASWJ chairman in southern Somalia, Sheikh Mohamed Mohamud Aw-libah who returned to Dolow this week from Galgadud.

You recently headed a delegation of ASWJ which participated in the Garowe summit and had previously led another delegation from ASWJ which took part in the Copenhagen meeting. What can you tell us about the outcome of those meetings?

I would like to inform the Somali people that the two conferences ended successfully because the parties involved agreed on how to bring back peace to Somalia which is the main reason behind our offensive against the militant group al-Shabaab. The meeting in Garowe was also significant, since the Somali people were allowed to handle their own issues without any other external influence. We have talked on serious matters regarding the transition period and decrease in the number of legislators. This discussion was successfully concluded.

What is ASWJ’s perception of the poor relations between TFG and the current parliament?

ASWJ, like all Somali people and the international community, is frustrated since these issues have lead to delay government business which we expected the parliament to debate upon. But now the parliament is divided along two lines, one supporting Shariff Hassan and another supporting Madobe Nunow. This is really frustrating because while Shariff Hassan attended the Garowe conference the legislators made an opposing move where they elected another speaker. Clearly the parliament is not unified and you cannot go and endorse anything with either of the speakers since there is a pertinent question of who is legitimate. This has also created lack of trust in the government from the Somali population because when fights concerning Somali legislators is aired on media, it is annoying and disgusting.

Can ASWJ work well with a government so divided?

ASWJ is committed to working with the TFG because we share a common goal and that is to liberate the country of these armed militants that are committing crimes against the people. But we also have to acknowledge that it is difficult to work with a divided government because the legislators keep on threatening that they are going to vote against all the accords including the Kampala and Garowe accords. This is a serious setback since it means that all positive efforts will be rejected, not because they are of no interest to the people but because it was endorsed by someone that a particular group doesn't like.

Can ASWJ resolve conflicts with TFG before the London conference on February 23rd?

That is a very good question, because this discussion has been aired on the media but I would like to assure you ASWJ has no conflict with the TFG. We had a past meeting in Ethiopia a year and a half ago where we agreed on 39 points including a power sharing mechanism. We have agreed that the TFG gives 39 officials to ASWJ including 5 ministers and 9 military officials. TFG has worked hard to deliver on these promises and now we have one minister and six military officials. We are also waiting for the TFG to complete assigning the remaining posts.

What does ASWJ hope for, and expect from, the London conference?

As a sheikh, I cannot foretell the future. We treat this like any other conference held to resolve the problems of Somalia, we have received our invitation and are ready to attend like we did others in the past.

What is your opinion on the ongoing military gains in Gedo and Lower Juba?

I am very happy that the Kenya Defense Forces (KDF), TFG and ASWJ military have made considerable strides and achieved such success in ousting the militants from several places. In Lower Juba our forces are making significant strides and have captured the al-Shabaab bases, killed their foreign militants in large numbers and are now on their way to Kismayo.

Breaking News
Fighting Continues in El-Adde and Busar, Locals Under Security
Gedo's Embattled Area
Gedo's Embattled Area
At least 15 fighters were killed and more than 20 were injured after two separate clashes between al-Shabaab militants and the combined forces of Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces with support of Kenyan Defense Forces (KDF), which took place in El-Adde and Busar villages of Gedo region in southern Somalia over the last 24 hours.

According to local residents and officials both clashes erupted when al-Shabaab fighters launched hit and run attacks on allied forces bases in those villages. Al-Shabaab militants launched several rockets at the base in Busar village, which lies in the Gedo region near the town of El-Wak. KDF troops responded with an assault.

Colonel Warfa Sheikh Adan, a TFG spokesman in Mogadishu who spoke to Somalia Report on Saturday night, described al-Shabaab militants as 'a virus which is not simple to cure.'

“They launched several grenades on our base in Busar today, we carried out a retaliatory attack which led to direct fighting between us and them. Our forces were in a defensive posture, they attacked us and have suffered a huge loss,” said Col. Adan. “We have the bodies of six militants who were fleeing from our artillery. According to reports we hear from civilians living around Busar, they were seen fleeing while carrying dead and injured bodies with them. One of our forces suffered a minor injury and his situation is fine. We had a number of defense lines, they attacked us without knowing how organized we were,” he added.

“In recent days we have seen them change from direct offensives to hit and run tactics, they mostly carry out attacks at night or early in the morning when they think that the our troops have slept or are tired. This indicates that they don't have enough forces to carry out direct assaults since they have lost several battles. Currently we are implementing measures in areas under our control to ensure that they we don’t leave local sympathizers. We hope to work with the people to identify their informants,” added Col. Adan.

Mohamed Hasan, a resident of Busar and eyewitness who spoke to Somalia Report said, “I heard heavy machine guns which continued for an hour and was followed by the sound of small guns. I can’t verify the number of casualties, but I could see some corpses, apparently al-Shabab militants which were abandoned,” he said. “Recently we have seen much fighting starting abruptly, without warning or even rumours. This has created tension and fear among locals, because we cannot send our children out, nor can we go and take the animals for grazing, as we are afraid that we will be caught in fighting,” he added.

Another resident spoke on condition of anonymity, “I saw in my own eyes the bodies of five TFG soldiers and four al-Shabaab fighters. Also the government rushed many casualties to El-Wak district,” he told Somalia Report. Al-Shabaab chairman in Gedo region Sheikh Abbas Abdulahi Abdirahman spoke to Somalia Report and claimed that they inflicted significant losses on Kenyan and TFG troops, and had seized military equipment. “Over the last hours, the Mujahideen fulfilled successive operations against the enemy in El-Adde and Busar. Thanks to Allah, we burned five military vehicles and killed more than 20 from the enemy,” he said. “Among the killed soldiers was head of the pro-Kenyan militias in El-Wak area, Nur Qaro. Other officials, including Kenyans, suffered serious injuries,” he added.

A TFG military officer who requested anonymity told Somalia Report that Nur Qaro, whom al-Shabaab claimed to have killed, was merely injured in the Busar fighting and had been rushed to Kenya, where he is receiving treatment.

Similar attacks took place between El-Adde town and Dhamase village on Thursday night, when TFG forces were attacked on their way from El-Adde to Dhamase. Four TFG forces were killed and five sustained injuries. TFG officials claimed many al-Shabaab militants died in the assault.

Former Prime Minister Speaks to SR About Mahiga and Plans for the Future
Former Prime Minister Mohamed Farmajo
Former Prime Minister Mohamed Farmajo
On February 28, Somalia Report interviewed the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) to Somalia, Augustine Mahiga, in his Mogadishu office. In his comments Mr. Mahiga referred Somali members of parliament as future war criminals, accused former Transitional Federal Government (TFG) prime minister Mohamed Farmajo of clawing his way back into power, and referred to the TFG Islamist faction Ala Sheikh as al-Shabaab militants without the arms. The remarks drew intense criticism from TFG President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed—who described Mr. Mahiga's clothes as having "fallen off" (in other words, that he had embarrassed himself)—as well as the Somali press.

In an open letter to the Somali people on March 9, the SRSG indirectly addressed the remarks he had made in our interview:

"I remain deeply concerned by the conscious efforts by groups and individuals to derail the Roadmap, engineer another extension of the transition and to obstruct inclusiveness which the Roadmap and the Garowe process seek to accomplish.

I regret that my comments have been interpreted in some quarters as anti-religious and counter to freedom of political expression as well as a criticism of the Executive Branch of government. I apologize for any misunderstanding. On the contrary, my goal was to highlight the dangers inherent in any one group exerting undue political influence due to their proximity to political power. Over the past week, I have had a series of productive and enlightening discussions with religious leaders, elders and statesmen concerning the Al-Sheikh group and their interpretation of Islam. In these discussions, my interlocutors confirmed their support to the Roadmap process and, for my part, I reaffirmed my enduring commitment to the overall success of the Somali peace process. I encourage and welcome political pluralism in the runup to ending the transition in electing the next leadership as well as of the post-August dispensation."

This week, Somalia Report interviewed former PM Mohamed Farmajo, with the aim of giving him a chance to respond to Mr. Mahiga's allegations, as well as discuss his political aspirations for the August national elections.

Mr. Farmajo, are you intending to run for the TFG presidency in August?

I haven’t come to that decision yet. I will cross that bridge when I come to it.

Hopefully what we can do first is come together and organize, after which we will decide as an organization what we will do next as far as taking part in the election process.

Can you tell us more about the political party you have recently created, Tayo?

We call ourselves Tayo, a nickname that means “quality.” When I was prime minister, I assembled a very technocratic cabinet. We did everything in a different way: established a budget, started paying civil servants and soldiers, even established a veterans’ center.

We created a center for 400 orphans who had lost their parents in the war. We brought back SNTV (Somali National Television) for the first time in 20 years. We repaired roads, schools, hospitals. We showed ourselves to be workers.

We ended the culture of impunity, established that people who commit crimes should be punished, and that someone who kills should be executed. As a result, soldier-on-soldier killings went way down.

We increased morale by paying salaries, which is why were able to defeat the extremists. When I first came, they were one kilometer away. Their bullets reached my window.

All of this was unorthodox, something people had not seen before. People thought we were “quality” - that we were professionals and technocrats. By using this name we don’t have to explain who we are — it’s self-evident.

What we are planning to do is to announce our platform on March 31st in Minneapolis, Minnesota, when we will share with the public what we are planning to do and what the organization stands for.

We came to the conclusion that it’s time to have an organization, so we can take part in the election process this August.

In his interview with Somalia Report SRSG Augustine Mahiga suggested that you were "fighting tooth and nail" to stage a comeback, and were orchestrating a takeover of parliament. How do you respond?

I was shocked to read that, and it was unexpected, because usually you’d expect someone in that high caliber position to employ diplomatic language. Of course we expect of him to be more neutral. The language he used was not healthy, to tell you the truth.

And I’m sure his colleagues at the UN may not be proud of someone who makes such high level decisions speculating on what’s not true.

The SRSG seemed to suggest that you had a hand in the recent formation of the Islamist party Daljir, which comprises, amongst others, the Ala Sheikh faction. Is he correct?

Ala-Sheikh has been part of the government. They have members in parliament, they are close to the president, and they are not a violent group. And anyone who is not violent should express their views in a democratic way — that’s what democracy is all about. People will decide who they vote for, and who they can elect — maybe based on religious beliefs, maybe secular beliefs, maybe character. But that’s is not the decision of Mahiga or anybody else — that is up to the Somali people.

As far as my involvement, there is none. I’m not a member of that. At same time, I would welcome anyone who would start an organization who wants to participate in the Somali democratic process peacefully. That excludes Shabaab, or any other organization that promotes violence.

To answer, I was not expecting these sorts of comments. I would expect that kind of language from someone who’s part of Somali political activities — even though I’ve never been affiliated with any religious organization — but certainly not from anyone representing the Secretary General.

Do you feel that the UN Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) unfairly took sides against you during the horse trading that led to the Kampala Accord?

Mahiga played a very active role. That’s how I would like to end this specific question. Because I don’t want to be part of a war of words in the media. I don’t want to discuss it any more.

But he played a very, very active role, and a time will come that I will publish a book that will explain step-by-step what happened, but I don’t want to discuss it further now. I want to take the high road.

Are you worried that the SRSG might try to impede your potential presidential bid?

Any future Somali leader should be decided by the Somali people. We need to have a government by the people and for the people, not to be decided by the foreign agents. In order to have peace and stability in the country the Somali people have to decide what type of leader they want to have.

Any UN representative or member of the international community should play a neutral role in the Somali political process. To help Somalia stand on its own feet again, but not engage in political activities, otherwise they will lose focus and their mission. Their mission is to bring peace and stability, and to bring the different groups together so they can negotiate.

So I think they should facilitate that, but if you take one side against the other, you will lose the essence of neutrality and credibility, and I don’t want that to happen to Mahiga or anyone else.

What is your view on the outcome of the London conference

The London conference was a success. Over 50 countries gathered to discuss issues. Great Britain is finally using its prestige to end the crisis in Somalia.

However, you can bring a horse to the water but you can’t make it drink. The Somali people should take advantage of this opportunity to pull together and find solutions for our country. Vulnerable women and children have suffered for over two decades. It is time to say “enough is enough” and to act together and do what we can in order to help our nation.

I’ll ask you the same question I asked the SRSG: do you think August will bring an end to the “transition,” or will it go on indefinitely?

I think we have been in this transitional period for over 10 years, and during that time we've had about nine prime ministers, so that we’ve had roller coaster governments, with no continuity.

I believe that the international community has clearly articulated its demand to end the transitional government by this August, and I hope that comes to fruition because we need a permanent and stable government that will not change every year. The way it’s been is that every year there’s been a new prime minister, and that means a new government that starts from scratch. It causes stagnation.

That’s not a way to build a stable nation. To build a stable nation you need continuity, something to build on.

I believe the transition should end, as the US Secretary of State Madame Hillary Clinton has sufficiently talked about. As well, every leader has articulated that the transitional government should end, and I hope it does. I hope there will be a new beginning.

Now that al-Shabaab is being pushed back in many regions, who will fill the power vacuum?

One thing I’m always in favor is recruit and train the Somali national army, so they will effectively fight their enemies. That is something that should be worked on in the long term.

The short term is what you hear going on—these skirmishes taking place near the Kenyan and Ethiopian borders.

That’s the short term. The long term is to increase the quality of the TFG forces so they will be able to fight effectively against al-Shabaab.

Thank you, Mr. Farmajo.

Somalia Report also spoke to Somali transitional member of parliament Awad Ahmed Ashareh, who requested the opportunity to respond to SRSG Mahiga’s comments. Ashareh has served as an MP for seven years, and currently chairs the Parliamentary Committee for Information, Culture, and Heritage.

Thank you for granting me this chance to respond to your article, “Chatting With Mahiga.”

Mr. Mahiga’s statements were offensive, lacking in diplomatic awareness and also reflects his not knowing why he’s there. He’s in Somalia to facilitate the conflict resolution and try to bring together those who are having conflicts.

So his statement is absolutely against that mission, number one.

Number two, he accused some parliamentarians of being warlords, others spoilers. We want Mr. Mahiga to clarify these statements, and we want to tell him that we have the right to oppose any statements or programs or intrigues that are against the sovereignty of Somalia, and the well-being of the Somali people.

I was disappointed also with the statement of the president, who said that “the clothes fell from Mahiga.” That was not the right approach. He could have used a better way: his foreign minister could have summoned Mahiga to his office and asked him to clarify whether he said these statements or not. And then, if he confessed, they could have declared him a persona non grata. He has damaged the image of the Somali state, since Villa Somalia represents the Somali state, which he accused of harbouring "unarmed Shabaab" groups. So we feel that labeling of the president as a harborer of al-Shabaab damages both the integrity of the president and the state of Somalia.

And it's also an insult to AMISOM (African Union peacekeepers), who are fighting against al-Shabaab. AMISOM's mission is to fight al-Shabaab, and Mahiga is implying that they are protecting them, since they are defending the president.

So if Mahiga admitted to these statements, he should have been declared persona non grata by the president?

No, not by the president, by the government.

I was also astonished that the government has not taken measures to address these labeling and abusive statements. So I’m urging the foreign minister to take the necessary measures to safeguard the dignity and the integrity of Somali citizens.

What measures, exactly?

I recommend that he calls Mr. Mahiga, and if he fails to respond, he could write a letter to the Secretary General, stating that his representative failed to comply with the Charter of the United Nations. As we are a member of the United Nations, we deserve respect and mutual cooperation.

Mr. Mahiga also expressed strong views that the parliamentary impeachment of the House Speaker Sharif Hassan Aden was illegitimate. What is your response?

He has no right, because parliament works according to the (Transitional Federal) Charter as well as the rules of procedures.

The ousted speaker (Sharif Hassan Aden) has created conflict in the parliament by instigating and sending some MPs to fight within the parliament. So he has to take responsibility for damaging the image of the parliament as well as being involved in the confrontation that occurred...

The situation is very critical, and it was embarrassing how Mr. Mahiga was taking sides. He met four days ago with the current speaker (Madobe Nunow Mohamed) and the deputy speaker, and asked them to hand over the program of the parliament for the coming months.

He has met several times with the current speaker, telling them confusing statements.

What sort of statements?

That I will reveal later.

Some people think that these statement are coming from the United Nations, because Mahiga is working for the United Nations. And there’s a hidden agenda in place.

Mahiga always says that parliament doesn’t back the Roadmap (to end the transition), that’s not true. We just want to legalize it, make sure it goes through the government.

The way Mahiga is handling the constitution is illegal. The process is half-cooked, because they’re not taking the input of the parliament. The public has not had any input.

Thank you, Mr. Ashareh.

SR Begins Analysis of Somalia's Political Transition
As Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) moves closer to elections in August 2012, Somalia Report takes a look at the political parties in the country, which will be followed by a review of the candidates for president.


The formation of Somalia’s modern political parties began in the 1940s with the establishment of the popular Somali Youth Club (SYC) in 1943 which was later renamed the Somali Youth League (SYL). Their mission was to lead the struggle for independence from Britain and Italy.

LEEGO and DAB Iyo DHAGAX were also among the prominent parties until October 21, 1969 when the third official president of Somalia, General Siyad Barre, took over after Sharmarke’s assassination in October 1969 in Las’anod, Sanaag Region. Sharmarke was the second president and held office from June 1967 until his death after the resignation of the first Somalia president, Aden Adde.

Immediately after the coup d'etat by the late general Barre, his government formed a communist party Hanti Wadaaga Kacaanka Soomalaiyeed (Joint Ownership Revolution for the Somali People) and declared it as the only party in Somalia, for a period of 21 years.

Since his fall in the early 1990s at the hands of various warlords, there have been different ways of officially running for president; the criteria for all presidential aspirants only demanded a submission of declaration and application to the election committees and the parliamentarians vote for their president. The aspirants were eligible to run for the highest office without hailing from any political or registered party.

After President Sheikh Sharif took office on January 31, 2009, there were movements aimed at forming political parties, a benchmark for the next elections. At that time a few political parties launched their political conventions and platforms.

The Democratic Party of Somalia, formed on October 29, 2010, was among the first political parties in the new Somalia. By 2012, the number of parties registering has increased mainly because elections will be held this year.

Why and how were political parties formed?

During its investigation and inteview with various officials, Somalia Report found that the majorty of parties campaigned for a better governance, democracy and transparency. Some party heads condemned and criticized the 4.5 rule which highlights the tribal existence in forming credible leadership and governance for Somalia.

Former PM Farmajo
©Somalia Report
Former PM Farmajo

“In my opinion, the 4.5 rule is an unfair course for some minor tribes. It’s even unfair among the major Somalia clans as it purport right depreciation. I said this even when I was in office as the prime minster of Somalia, that 4.5 rule is not the solution for Somalia because it only considers majority clans and that is why we formed this political party, the TAYO party (Quality People of Administration). It’s an opportunity for the minority tribes to participate in governance as we take the course to form political parties before the election," said the former Prime Minister Farmajo in an interview with Somali Channel TV.

The vice chairman of the Democratic Party of Somalia, Mr. Dhakane, believes this the right time for Somalia to embrace a multi-party system.

Objectively, he claims the need to source for better leadership as a result of fair and free election. He further explained that, structurally, DPS is formed just like any other political party, we have party chairman, deputy chairman, secretary and other ordinary party members and as well we have the backup of the youth, women, elders and other prominent community members. DPS head quarter is based in Nairobi and as well we have other branches in Canada, USA and some other parts of Europe. He continued as follows.

“Our political party is not based on tribal lines but is based on political objectives and missions unlike other parties. DPS is composed of partners and elites from the 18 province in Somalia indiscriminately. For more information our website clearly defines our policy and political landscape and coverage," concluded Dhakane.

Somalia's multi-party system

Among the factors that contribute to the current increase in political party formation is believed to be financial sponsorship by external donor countries and the diaspora, thus the formation and their political ideologies is defined and strategized with the influence of the external agents, but the claim was denied by the deputy DPS party in reference to ideological and political party objective mapping but confirmed the friendly political atmospheric relationship they have with some other country.

“It’s true that political parties are supported by external donor countries in terms of political issues strategies, but not of personal interests by donor countries. As the DPS party, we sell our party objective to our political partner countries for support," said Mr. Dhakane.

Some of the Somali community think it’s the right time to move towards fair, free and transparent government, which can result to democratic elections as many nod their heads to see many political parties vowing for seats.

“I’m delighted to see the different political parties participating for fair and free election. I understand, it’s at this time that the country is making a progress towards democracy which is a good start In restoring peace and as well a good opportunity for the minority people like me as opposed to the 4.5 rule. I still urge political parties to fulfill all regulations for election to ensure every Somali citizen participate this election, but the challenge is that some regions are not administered by the TFG which halt every one’s participation in this election,” Jaillani, a Somali student in Kenya Methodist University, told Somalia Report.

Other Somali citizens, however, believe that this is not the right time for political parties.

“It’s not actually the right time for political parties to operate in Somalia because the parties cannot operate in all the 18 regions of Somalia due to al-Shabaab. In my opinion, we cannot shift from transitional period right away, as the Somali community is not currently prepared for the course and re-uniting the Somali community takes time. Likewise, the nominated parliament shall vote as proposed to individual citizen voting for his/her presidential candidate and this is the biggest challenges for the parties,” Halima jama, a resident in Kismayo, told Somalia Report.

TFG Charter on political party formation

Although the 'Right to Establish Political Parties' is laid out in Article 21 of the TFG charter, there is no clear concept of exactly how parties are authorized to be formed. Many politicians believe these political parties are termed as civil society groups.

1. The Transitional Federal Government shall encourage the formation of political parties in the Republic save that it shall be in accordance with the law.

2. In accordance with the laws, all Citizens, shall have the right to associate with political parties, political programs interpreting clearly their national political agenda.

3. The political parties shall be open for all Citizens and be guided by General Principles of Democracy.

4. Any Political party of a military character or tribal nature shall be prohibited.

5. Political parties shall have the right to form alliances before, during and after the election periods.

6. All Citizens possessing the qualifications required by law have the right to vote and be elected to Public Office.

“The TFG charter policy do not clearly define political parties but they indirectly under come the civil society groups, there is no big problem to behave like a political party, and they shall need to register with the election board,” said Awad Ahmed Ashara, the TFG Chairperson in the Committee for Information and Culture.

Somalia Flag
Somalia Flag
The chairman of Somali Team Reality party, Abdirrahman Hajji Abdulle, emphasized the need for political parties to participate in the coming election under any conditions.

“Actually, we as political party leaders need to follow the conditions posed by the election board for further facilitation of every party participation in the coming August election,” Abdurahman told Somalia Report.

There is little information available regarding the August election procedures which is controlled by an election board committees. The TFG is controlling all the activities of the election even are believed to involve in the current MP nominations. The political raised a claim on the transparency and accountability of the all election related activities.

TAYO Party's General Secretary points out that political need to be convinced on the August election and be assured of the fairness of the overall activity, he also requested for an external observers to witness the way things are done during the election day, he believes some of the prominent government officials who are presidential aspirant can manage to twist and cause mess to suit their interest which is not fair. Explained to Somalia channel TV.

Financial muscle of the political parties

The political parties claimed to obtain their operational finances from the Diaspora abroad, but the claim was rejected by most of the party officials. Sources claimed the real financial backers of political parties operational capital spread across abroad contribution and donations, member’s contribution, business people and some of their loyal supporters. Fundraising events are held both inside and outside the country to help parties meet their financial goals.

How will the parties proceed to their campaigns?

Politicians and government officials are busy in campaigning and or either to be part of the parliamentarians voting for presidential candidates expected to be held in less than two months. It’s believed that the Somalia political party campaigns won’t be compared elsewhere campaigns in terms of capital as though the candidates are not voted for by over a million citizens but by just 225 parliamentarians hence the focus of the presidential candidates of the parties will be to convince only the parliamentarians to vote for their candidate. Likewise, the parties also advocate for their member group to become a parliamentarian through tribal lines. Currently, there are festivals and ceremonies aimed at party popularization and fund raising eminent at everywhere in and outside the country. Evidently, further efforts are done by Party heads that are visiting countries like Kenya, Burundi, Ethiopia and Uganda whose militaries are fighting inside Somalia, this is just meant to create a friendly environment and sell their political idea to these countries.

The question remains: will these political parties remain active after election? Based on the success in the war against the insurgent al-Shabaab and dependent on the country’s stability, most of the these political parties hope to resume their aspiration towards democracy, as this is the first step towards reconstruction, after 21 years of destruction and civil war.

Which are the political parties in Somalia?

Party Founded located

Democratic party of Somalia(DPS) 27th Oct, 2010 Nairobi, Kenya Somali Team for Reality 2007 ....... Sahahan Qaran party 16th Feb, 2011 Mogadisho Peace and Development party (PDP) 17th April 2011 Mogadisho People party (pp) 2nd June 2011 Mogadisho Rajo Party( RP) 1st May 2012 Nairobi Somali National Party( SNP) Xisbiga Umada .................. Mogadisho Hiil Qaran Mogadisho Midnimo 18th Feb, 2012 Mogadisho Tayo Political party ( TPP) 31st Mar, 2012 Mogadisho Gurmad Qaran 18th Jan, 2012 London Isbahaysiga Nabadda January, 2011 Mogaisho United Somalia Democratic party 6th Jan, 2012 Nairobi Peace and Democratic party (PDP) 20th Dec, 2011 Mogadisho